The danger of a heart attack

The danger of a heart attack

The danger of a heart attack

A heart attack is a serious pathological condition caused by an acute lack of blood supply to the heart muscle (associated with blockage by a thrombus and / or spasm, usually in the area of ​​an atherosclerotic plaque of an artery that feeds the heart), as well as the development of ischemia and necrosis (death) of a portion of this muscle.

Cardiac muscle necrosis is a myocardial infarction. In the first hour from the onset of an attack, the so-called sudden cardiac death, or coronary death, can occur.

Currently, about a third of heart attacks occurring in people living in Europe are fatal. And this is not so little, because the number of heart attacks is estimated at hundreds of thousands of cases per year and is the main cause of death for the population of civilized countries.

Most often, death from a heart attack occurs within the first two hours and is associated with the inability of the heart to maintain normal blood circulation in the body. If, after a heart attack, a person survived, then with every day that removes the person who suffered the attack from this incident, the chances of health recovery increase.

The danger of a heart attack lies in the fact that people usually do not pay due attention to the pains and other symptoms characteristic of a heart attack, which is the main mistake leading to irreversible pathologies and death.

Therefore, it is necessary to know the main symptoms of a heart attack, which may indicate a heart attack.
One of the most common symptoms of a heart attack is prolonged pain that is localized in the chest area. In this case, the patient has a feeling of unpleasant pressure in the chest, sometimes there is a feeling of heartburn.

Pain can occur in the left side of the body: in the hand up to the forearm, in the shoulder blade, in the left side of the neck. It is also possible the appearance of pain in the hands, in the lower jaw, in the shoulder area, in the upper abdomen. The pain is long lasting and can be pressing, cutting, aching and burning in nature.

A characteristic symptom of a heart attack is shortness of breath, which manifests itself even with minimal activity, as well as at rest. The heart does not receive the required amount of blood for its normal functioning. In addition, the person may feel weakness, heart palpitations. He may be sweating.

You should pay attention to the work of the heart even if there is increased fatigue. At the same time, the feeling of fatigue does not go away for several days, weeks or even months. Stomach pain, nausea and vomiting can accompany a heart attack. Most often, these symptoms are not associated with heart disease, but you should pay attention to them if they appear in a normal diet and are not associated with the intake of poor-quality food.

A heart attack may be preceded by an increased heart rate, which manifests itself as a fast and disordered pulse.

The precursors of a heart attack can be conditions such as anxiety, discomfort, and insomnia.

chest pain is not always a symptom of a heart attack

However, chest pain is not always a symptom of a heart attack, as it also affects intercostal neuralgia. In order to accurately determine the disease, you need to pay attention to several points:
• Conditions for the occurrence of pain. Pain, characteristic of heart disease, is usually associated with some kind of stress (physical or mental). While with neuralgia, pain can occur with a sharp turn of the trunk or for no reason at all.
• Conditions for the cessation of pain. The pain of a heart attack disappears after taking nitroglycerin in a few minutes, while this drug is ineffective for neuralgia.
• The nature of the pain. With cardiac pathology, the pain is pressing, cutting, stabbing, aching. With neuralgia – paroxysmal, stabbing, shingles; aggravated by movements of the trunk, during coughing, sneezing and deep breaths.

In addition to intercostal neuralgia, a number of diseases also have similar symptoms.

In the case of nausea and stomach pain, a heart attack can be confused with food poisoning, perforated stomach ulcer, and acute cholecystitis.

With right-sided pain, this heart pathology is similar to the symptoms of pneumonia or pleurisy. Unlike these diseases, a heart attack is almost always accompanied by symptoms such as weakness, a drop in blood pressure, and shortness of breath.

The main thing to remember in the event of a heart attack is that the longer there is no medical attention, the more likely it is to damage the heart muscle. Therefore, when symptoms appear, you must call an ambulance.

• The patient should be seated in a chair with armrests or put in a bed with a raised headboard.
• Give the patient 0.25 g of aspirin (chew and swallow a tablet) and 0.5 mg of nitroglycerin (put under the tongue and do not swallow).
• Provide fresh air supply.

It is necessary to closely monitor the patient’s condition. If the pains have passed, then you just need to provide the person with peace. If, after taking nitroglycerin, weakness, shortness of breath and sweating appear, then in this case the patient needs to raise his legs, give a glass of water to drink, and no longer give nitroglycerin.
If the symptoms of a heart attack persist (about 5-7 minutes after the first dose of medication), you must give a second tablet of nitroglycerin (0.5 g).

Upon the arrival of the doctor, it is necessary to show him all the medicines that were given to the patient, as well as indicate medicines that cause allergies in the patient and are intolerable to the patient. Regularly recorded ECGs can significantly facilitate the doctor’s work, by monitoring which the doctor will be able to navigate the development of the disease.

We must not forget that an untimely visit to a doctor can cost your life.

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