Learn more about stroke and its causes. This is an acute violation of cerebral circulation, which entails grave consequences – paralysis of varying severity, impaired coordination of movements, disorder and loss of speech. Stroke mortality is 25-35%, about a third of patients return to normal work and do not need outside help, and about a third of patients acquire various degrees of disability.
There are two main reasons that can lead to acute cerebrovascular accident. The first is the sudden closure of the lumen of the vessel supplying a given part of the brain. The “culprit” can be a blood clot, atherosclerotic plaque, severe spasm, etc. This type of stroke is called ischemic stroke. Somewhat less often, another type of stroke occurs – hemorrhagic, when a spontaneous cerebral hemorrhage occurs due to a rupture of the vessel wall.
Already from the description of the causes of a stroke, it is clear that it is not an independent disease, but always a complication of some underlying human disease. Ischemic stroke is usually associated with cerebral atherosclerosis. An atherosclerotic plaque forms in the artery, it narrows the lumen of the vessel and promotes the formation of a blood clot, which clogs the vessel. Necrosis (necrosis) of a part of the brain sets in.
There is another variant of ischemic stroke – embolic, when a thrombus or an embolus (a vesicle of a complex structure), formed, for example, in the heart, clogs the vessels. This happens in people suffering from rheumatic heart disease, recent myocardial infarction, infectious myocarditis, heart surgery, etc.
Ischemic stroke is more susceptible to people experiencing constant stress, smokers and those who do not know the measures in the use of alcohol.
The most common cause of another type of stroke, hemorrhagic, is high blood pressure. With indicators over 160/95 mm Hg. Art. the risk of stroke increases 4 times, and with a pressure of more than 200/115 mm Hg. Art. – 10 times. The blood vessel, unable to withstand the increased pressure on the wall, ruptures, while the blood enters the brain substance. The resulting hemorrhage compresses the brain, causes its swelling, and the brain area dies.
Doctors have calculated that regularly measuring blood pressure and keeping it normal can reduce the number of strokes by 40-45%.
Other causes of hemorrhage can be vascular tumors, cerebral artery aneurysm, and some narcotic drugs.
Stroke treatment includes medication, physiotherapy, herbal medicine, exercise therapy, massage, psychotherapy, spa treatment.
To prevent stroke and its recurrence, it is necessary to timely treat the main diseases, the complication of which is often a stroke – vascular atherosclerosis and hypertension. It is also important to avoid severe stress, stop smoking and alcohol, move more and, of course, visit your doctor regularly. It has been noticed that stroke occurs less often in those who have adequate vitamin C in their diet. This vitamin protects the arteries, lowers blood pressure, as well as the amount of cholesterol in the blood. Therefore, if you regularly drink juice rich in vitamin C, even in small doses, you can reduce the risk of stroke.
The first signs of a stroke are :
- sudden numbness or weakness in the muscles of the face, arm, or leg on one side of the body;
- sudden difficulty in articulation or speech perception;
- a sharp deterioration in the vision of one or both eyes;
- sudden impaired coordination of movements, unsteadiness of gait, dizziness;
- a sharp and unexplained headache.
They provoke the occurrence of a stroke :
- arterial hypertension;
- cardiac arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation, heart disease;
- diabetes mellitus and metabolic disorders;
- increased cholesterol levels;
- smoking and drinking alcohol;
- the use of oral contraceptives, especially in combination with smoking and high blood pressure;
- lack of physical activity;
- overweight, the use of fatty, spicy, salty foods.
Prevention of stroke :
- treatment of hypertension and normalization of blood pressure;
- control of cholesterol and blood glucose levels. People under 30 need to check them once a year, over – every six months;
- daily consumption of 0.5 kg of fresh vegetables and fruits;
- moderate salt intake;
- replacement of animal fats with vegetable fats;
- morning exercises, walks, active lifestyle;
- control of own weight, if necessary – decrease in body weight to normal.
How to prevent heart attack and stroke
The longer I work as a doctor, the more I become convinced that no disease develops so easily. The body gives us signs: a rise in blood pressure, pain, spasms. What are we doing? Most often we drink pain relievers. And then we are surprised that the disease came suddenly …
Stroke, or, in other words, cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage. And this does not happen by chance, because somewhere there is a defect in the vessel, its thinning, protrusion, aneurysm.
By the way, try to draw up your family tree: if an early death from a “stroke” or a vascular crisis is traced in the family, it will be useful for you to do a tomography of the vessels of the brain or magnetic nuclear resonance (MRI). Modern methods of ultrasound diagnostics of cerebral vessels (with Doppler monitoring, for example) allow you to see the smallest defect in the vessel.
You need to listen to your body. Numbness in the hands, double vision, gait disturbance are common precursors of a stroke. We don’t want to notice them.
Many are carried away by grape wine for the prevention of multiple sclerosis. But not everyone knows that some Isabella-type grapes have a bad effect on the liver.
Dairy products are also not always healthy. A third of the population does not have enzymes that can digest milk proteins and sugars. And milk fats are often poorly broken down. So the milk “wanders” in the stomach.
Porridge also “roam” as coarse carbohydrates, “fertilized” with sugar. And if, on top of that, fermentation occurs with poor liver enzymes, it (the liver) is even more affected. That is why there are so many non-alcoholic cirrhosis, fatty degeneration, etc.
By the way, the liver rests in the morning, its peak of activity is in the afternoon. If this fact is not taken into account, the organism gradually becomes “acidified” with various poisons.
This is a sure way to cancer, stroke and other ailments. Therefore, in order to avoid many troubles, I will allow myself to give visitors a few recommendations.
It is good to eat dairy products, cereals with a banana, so that fats are better absorbed. It is better to eat these foods in the afternoon.
In the morning on an empty stomach, it is useful to drink a glass of live mineral (degassed) or drinking water. The remains of yesterday’s food will be removed from the stomach.
Make yourself a salad of carrots, beets, and cabbage.
Lightly fried and pan-stewed tomatoes are a natural anti-cancer agent. And in general, it is best not to fry any products, but to stew, pour the dish with unrefined vegetable oil before serving.
To prevent vascular crises, I use fatty fish, mackerel or mackerel, seaweed (I do not eat it on an empty stomach, since the iodine in cabbage irritates it). Routine-rich blueberries and green tea also help strengthen blood vessels.
Don’t let food become poisonous to your body. Help the liver to remove toxins and toxins, monitor blood pressure.