Rapid pulse and palpitations: causes and symptoms

Rapid pulse and palpitations: causes and symptoms


Tachycardia or rapid heart rate can be harbingers not only of diseases of the cardiovascular system. The symptom accompanies ailments of both physical and psychological nature

Main reasons


Frequent heart rhythm, goosebumps, severe weakness, tremors and other symptoms frighten people. This can be, as a secondary contraction of the myocardium, and a harbinger of heart disease. The main reasons for the appearance of this condition include:

Disorders in the gastrointestinal tract . Poisoning, unhealthy diet, excessive consumption of fatty, fried foods.

Dehydration . Lack of fluid due to stress, severe fatigue, prolonged exposure to the sun.

Diseases of the endocrine system . Poor hormone production can trigger heart palpitations and tremors.

Alcohol poisoning . Often, the hangover syndrome is accompanied by tachycardia, tremors in the body.

Temperature jumps . Various diseases from acute respiratory viral infections to internal inflammatory processes can be accompanied by an increased heart rate.

Symptoms correspond to a number of mental disorders. Severe tremors, sweating, dry mouth, tachycardia are experienced by people who are in a stressful, depressed state for a long time. Mild panic attacks are distinguished by similar manifestations. Chills are the main symptom of a violation of thermoregulation in the body, so a virus, latent inflammation, may be the cause.

In the morning or immediately after sleep


Heart palpitations can occur against the background of emotional excitement or after physical activity. But a high pulse immediately after sleep is more often triggered by the activation of the vagus nerve. When a person sleeps, then his activity decreases, vascular resistance decreases.

The body relaxes, reacts weaker to external stimuli. With a sharp awakening, baroreceptors are not able to activate instantly.

The body did not have time to adapt to awakening, which causes tremors and a strong heartbeat.

The reason may be a sharp rise, sudden awakening, lack of sleep. The wrong pillows or mattress can provoke symptoms. Often, immediately after sleep, tachycardia occurs in those who are experiencing strong physical or mental stress. This means that the allocated sleep time was not enough for the body to rest. It is not worth contacting a doctor with such manifestations, it is enough to adjust the regime.

Night attacks

Night heart attacks


In normal mode, during sleep, a person’s pulse first normalizes, then becomes less frequent. But if there is no reduction, then tachycardia may begin, which is accompanied by severe tremors, excitement. Often the reasons are:

excessive alcohol consumption, smoking;
watching a horror movie;
neurotic state, stress;
excessive consumption of strong tea, coffee, wine.

Circadian rhythm disturbance may also be the cause. If a person before going to bed watches something on a computer, TV, mobile phone screen or reads, then the circadian rhythm is disturbed. It is more difficult for him to fall asleep, his heart rate increases, various failures occur. It is worth contacting a doctor only if there is dry mouth, chest pain, and obesity. Such symptoms often indicate rhythm disturbances, blockages with pauses, atrial fibrillation. It is forbidden to take the medicine before the examination, if the cause is a violation of the cardiovascular system, then an incorrectly selected drug can provoke complications.

Rapid heart rate at rest


A constantly rapid heart rate at rest or recurring seizures is a reason to see a specialist. This symptom can be a symptom:

poisoning of the body;
diseases of the cardiovascular system;
endocrine system diseases.

Most often occurs in people who spend most of the day sitting or lying down, show minimal physical activity during the day. Physical lack of training provokes both an increasing pulse and tremors in the body. If the symptoms are accompanied by an increase in temperature, then immediate hospitalization is necessary.

Frequent resting pulse often becomes a harbinger of heart disease, acute and chronic insufficiency.

It manifests itself both indoors and outdoors. Often occurs when a person abruptly gets up from a chair, out of bed. Self-help methods include the introduction of regular exercise, gymnastics, changing the introduction of up to 2 liters of water into the diet. It is useful to revise your eating habits, add more green vegetables and fresh fruits. For most, these techniques will help prevent an attack.

Associated symptoms


Clinical symptoms are often different, depending on age, gender, state of the body. There is shortness of breath, weakness, fatigue, sweating, palpitations above normal, tremors, tremors of the hands. If the heart rate is not caused by emotional stress or physical activity, then it can be caused by:

increased need of the heart;
lack of fresh air;
sinus node abnormalities;
increased automatism of the heart.

If accompanied by severe chest pain, shortness of breath, then the problem is in the cardiovascular system. If tremors, tremors, dry mouth appear , then there are disorders in the endocrine system. Darkening in the eyes, trembling, uncontrollable panic indicate mental abnormalities.

When calling an ambulance, it is necessary to accurately identify the symptoms of an attack.

A person who is far from medicine may confuse a panic attack with a heart attack. Often, a rapid heartbeat and tremors in the body occur in pregnant women. But if this happens rarely and only at an early stage, then this is a normal adaptive reaction of the body. Otherwise, it is necessary to be examined in a medical institution.

How to quickly stop an attack?


If a person experiences a strong heartbeat, trembling inside and does not know what to do, then there is a risk of aggravating the situation. In a panic, people often start drinking drugs, looking for a phone to call a specialist. But if the rapid pulse and tremors are not caused by serious pathologies, then they can be stopped in three ways:

Dip your face into cold water . An effective method that will quickly get rid of an unwanted condition. You can also wipe your face with a cold, wet towel.

Valsalva’s maneuver . Inhale, pinch your nose with two fingers and close your eyes. Tighten your abs and try to exhale in this state.

Drink a glass of cold water . Drink from 150 to 400 ml of cold water in small sips. Additionally, you can apply something cold to your head.

Simple guidelines will help you get rid of a heart attack quickly. If the methods do not help, then the symptomatology is provoked by a serious pathology, you cannot do without the help of a specialist.

When should you see a doctor?


If self-help methods do not help, then this is a reason to contact a medical specialist. It is worth going to the doctor in cases where the rapid pulse is accompanied by:

severe dry mouth, sinuses;
chest pain or tightness;
headache, pressure in the eyes;
a strong breakdown;

uncontrollable panic;
profuse sweating.
The reason may be a rapid heart rate at night, when a person wakes up from a rapid heartbeat and tremors. Doctors recommend paying attention to dangerous concomitant symptoms such as heart pain, constant irregular heartbeat, darkening of the eyes, shortness of breath.

An ambulance team is immediately called if, against the background of an increased heart rate, cold sweat appears, pain in the chest or between the shoulder blades appears.

With nocturnal attacks, edema, cardiac asthma may develop when blood stagnates in the veins of the lungs. Then there is pink foam from the mouth, choking, shortness of breath, tremors and increased heart rate. During such an attack, the patient may lose consciousness.

Diagnostic methods


If the physiological phenomenon is not removed by recommendations, does not pass when the regime is normalized, then it is necessary to be examined by a specialist. Diagnose using the following techniques:

ECG;
heart rate monitoring;
Ultrasound of the heart;
echocardiography.

Daily Holter monitoring is considered one of the most reliable diagnostic methods. Records heart rate indicators during exercise, activity, during sleep and wakefulness. Be sure to measure blood pressure, in rare cases, diagnose on a special exercise bike. You will need to donate blood for biochemical analysis, check the definition of thyroid hormones.

The medical specialist conducts a survey, clarifies the details. Asks how often attacks occur and under what circumstances, at what time of day, how long they last, what the patient uses for self-help. After the diagnosis is made, a treatment regimen is selected individually, which includes drugs for the quick relief of symptoms.

First aid for palpitations


As a first aid, it is permissible to engage in irritation of the receptors of the parasympathetic nervous system. This activates the vagus nerve, relieves heart palpitations, and reduces the frequency and intensity of symptoms. The following methods are used:

induce a cough or gag reflex;
lower your face into a bowl of cold water, holding your breath;
Valsalva method;
squatting with straining.

With strong tremors and heart palpitations, it is necessary to stop any exertion, go out into the fresh air or ventilate the room. The person is laid on a flat surface, the shirt is unbuttoned, the tie is relaxed. The legs are raised above the body to prevent fainting. In rare cases, if the ambulance is delayed, it is permissible to give Motherwort or Valerian. It is forbidden to give medications that reduce the heart rate without a specialist’s prescription.

Specialist recommendations


the rate of consumption of clean water


The doctor will carry out diagnostics, analyzes, interview the patient and prescribe an individual treatment regimen. First aid and self-help methods will help relieve an attack, but after it you still need to be examined. If the reason is not a serious pathology, then the doctor will prescribe:

regular physical activity;
the rate of consumption of clean water;

reducing the consumption of fatty, sweet, fried foods;
the use of multivitamins.
In rare cases, supportive medications, dietary supplements are prescribed to normalize the heart rate. To stabilize the condition, increase the body’s resistance and endurance, physiotherapeutic methods are prescribed from hydrotherapy and balneotherapy to magnetotherapy.

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