Cardiovascular diseases are rightfully considered the “plague of the 20th century”.

Cardiovascular diseases are rightfully considered the “plague of the 20th century”.

Cardiovascular diseases are rightfully considered the “plague of the 20th century,” among the causes of death, they occupy a leading place in the world.

The Research Institute of Preventive Medicine recently released very important statistics:

  • 70% of the inhabitants of our country die from cardiovascular diseases, in particular, strokes.
  • Life expectancy for men in Russia is 58 years, and in the United States – 74 years, a difference of 16 years. Women are 73 and 80, respectively.
Life expectancy for women  in the United States - 73 years

The saddest thing that strikes you in these numbers is the attitude towards your health. So, in the USA, Scandinavian countries, Germany, training programs for the prevention of these diseases have long been developed and are being implemented. In these countries, at the slightest suspicion of atherosclerosis, angina pectoris, they immediately begin to conduct research, begin to treat and intensively teach how to deal with these diseases, what you can eat, drink, and whatnot. This is due to the laws of insurance medicine: they realized that it is cheaper to cure a person than to pay sickness insurance for a long time.

In addition, all over the world they strictly count calories, makeup diets, study health from the point of view of modern science. A healthy lifestyle has become a national idea in developed countries. For the sake of fairness, it should be noted that our specialists are highly valued in the West, they are invited to consultations, but they remain there. Five of my acquaintances are already successfully working in the West.
Yes, and many of us can afford to get insured, undergo health diagnostics every quarter, and at the slightest suspicion of a serious illness, they are immediately placed in a hospital. But only “new Russians” can afford it. And those who are healthy, because even the rich, but the sick, insurance medicine is in no hurry to take under its wing. This can be explained by the fact that heart surgery in the future can cost $ 40,000, all the profits of the insurance company will go to such operations, and they cannot allow this.

In our country, it is very far from universal insurance. The money allocated for health care is not enough to preserve health, but only to register the results – heart attacks and strokes. There is only one way out – to learn self-healing.
Nervous constant overload, inappropriate nutrition, a sedentary lifestyle, smoking – this is not the whole list of reasons that can lead to the development of these dangerous ailments. Many factors play an important role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease, in particular, the study of the causes. The widespread preventive education carried out in the West has led to fantastic results and reduced the risk of death by 50%. Moreover, it should be noted that material resources were required even less than for treatment.

Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death. 2015 in Russia was declared the national year of the fight against cardiovascular pathologies. About 8% of all citizens of Russia suffer from vascular or cardiac pathology, while mortality from diseases of the heart and circulatory system is 53% of all deaths.
According to the Agency for Social Information, in 2015, Russian doctors managed to achieve a reduction in mortality from diseases of the circulatory system. According to the Deputy Minister of Health of the Russian Federation Tatyana Yakovleva, statistical results for 9 months of 2015 show that mortality from heart disease decreased by 17.7%. At the same time, mortality from ischemic heart disease was reduced by 21% and mortality from cerebrovascular diseases, including all cerebral circulation disorders, by 15.3%. And although this result can be considered very worthy, there are not so many reasons for joy – according to the League of Nation’s Health, Russia has one of the worst results in the world in terms of mortality from heart disease (53%). This indicator is directly related to the lifestyle of the population: smoking, alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet. The main cause of diseases of the cardiovascular system is insufficient knowledge of the population about the danger. During the Action timed to coincide with World Stroke Day, more than 6 thousand people learned that they have this risk. Many patients are too frivolous about their diseases with a confirmed diagnosis, believing that lipid metabolism disorders, atherosclerosis, or arterial hypertension are “innocent” conditions that will surely end without any effort on their part. According to the Ministry of Health, 21% of Muscovites are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease. This means that over the next 10 years they have a high likelihood of a heart attack or stroke.

In industrialized countries, diseases of the cardiovascular system rank first among the causes of death, ahead of death from accidents and cancer. An increasing number of people are dying at working age, in fact, far from old age. The cause of death is usually myocardial infarction. Myocardial infarction is the most dangerous disease and complication of diseases of the cardiovascular system. Thus, only about 50% of patients with myocardial infarction survive.

We should not forget about other very serious diseases, such as ischemic heart disease, stroke, angina pectoris.

A fifth of 65 and older people die of stroke. The cause is a sudden blockage, spasm, or bleeding from a cerebral vessel. Risk factors include high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking, and increased blood clotting. The first warning bell may be transient ischemic attacks or transient cerebrovascular accidents. Symptoms depend on the location of the lesion in the brain. Often a stroke is accompanied by hemiparalysis and speech impairment. It is important to avoid oxygen deprivation of the brain in the early phase of the stroke to minimize damage. Consecutive rehabilitation can minimize and even completely avoid neurological consequences.

A stroke is a sudden interruption of the blood supply to the brain or bleeding in the brain. As a result of a stroke, there are neurological symptoms and conditions such as coma, hemiplegia, and paralysis, speech and/or swallowing disorders, depending on the localization of the cerebral process. In this case, nerve cells in the corresponding areas are damaged or killed. Damaged cells can regenerate over time, and dead cells never recover.

Mortality in patients with stroke is reduced. Since 1970, it has decreased, for example, by 45%. This is the result of the introduction of the latest scientific research into practical medicine, improved prevention, and the latest treatment methods. The positive attitude of the majority of the population towards maintaining their health at a high level plays an important role.
Yet stroke remains one of the leading causes of death in older people.

The annual incidence of cerebral infarction is 2.7% (men) and 2.1% (women). Under the age of 45, the frequency is 0.3%, in 45-65 over 8% and over 65 years old – from 20% and above.

Mortality from myocardial infarction is about 10%. Stroke, after myocardial infarction and cancer, is the third most common cause of death.

Risk factors


Risk factors for cerebral infarction include the following:
Hypertension, impaired rheological properties of blood, ischemic heart disease, previous disorders of cerebral circulation;
Diabetes, smoking, contraceptive use;
A doubled risk of developing a cerebral infarction exists with impaired blood rheology and impaired microcirculation in the peripheral arterial network.

heart risk factors

Risk factors for stroke in general:


Stress
Overweight with concomitant arteriosclerosis
Physical inactivity: sports prevent the development of arteriosclerosis
Smoking
Alcohol
Lipid metabolism disorders
Diabetes
Hypertension

Causes of the disease

There are three main causes of stroke:
• About 45% of cerebral arteriosclerosis, thrombosis
• About 32% of cerebral hemorrhage is hemorrhagic infarction
• About 23% of embolism

This scatter of data exists because there are no official statistics on this issue. Therefore, data from various centers are provided here.

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