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Month: June 2021

Smoking and heart disease

Smoking and heart disease

Tobacco smoking is no longer just a bad habit – the World Health Organization calls it the global tobacco epidemic. Cancer, diabetes, chronic lung disease and cardiovascular disease are all dire consequences of the usual puff. According to WHO estimates, it is cardiovascular diseases that are in the first place in the list of fatal diseases of smokers. The effect of smoking on the heart and blood vesselsWorld statistics assure that each cigarette reduces life expectancy by 10-15 minutes. And…

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DISEASES CAUSED BY SMOKING

DISEASES CAUSED BY SMOKING

Smoking (tobacco addiction) is a serious illness that, fortunately, is curable, although it is not easy to get rid of it. Since nicotine addiction is similar to drug addiction, smoking cessation will be perceived by the body very hard. Cigarette smoke contains about 4 thousand substances, many of which are hazardous to health. The most important of these are:Nicotine – an alkaloid, acting on the central nervous system, causes nicatin addiction (like drug addiction). It makes the heart work faster….

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Features of rehabilitation after a heart attack

Features of rehabilitation after a heart attack

Myocardial infarction is a dangerous disease in which the blood supply to the body is disrupted, which leads to the development of tissue necrosis. Official statistics show that in 40% of cases, the cause of death is precisely a heart attack. Thanks to the possibilities of medicine, in most cases, the patient can be saved. But he will need to undergo a long course of rehabilitation in order to restore his working capacity and return to a full life. It…

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The danger of a heart attack

The danger of a heart attack

A heart attack is a serious pathological condition caused by an acute lack of blood supply to the heart muscle (associated with blockage by a thrombus and / or spasm, usually in the area of ​​an atherosclerotic plaque of an artery that feeds the heart), as well as the development of ischemia and necrosis (death) of a portion of this muscle. Cardiac muscle necrosis is a myocardial infarction. In the first hour from the onset of an attack, the so-called…

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Blood clots and acetylsalicylic acid

Blood clots and acetylsalicylic acid

Red plates of blood – platelets – perform a vital function, almost instantly eliminating vascular damage and preventing the development of serious bleeding. However, sometimes the ability of these cells to quickly restore the integrity of the vascular wall serves as a disservice. Needed work Tens of thousands of platelets circulating in the blood regulate an important system that “repairs” damage to the inner layer of the blood vessel wall – hemostasis. If it breaks, even a small scratch can…

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Arrhythmias

Arrhythmias

Arrhythmia is a contraction of the heart that differs from the correct sinus rhythm, and can be represented by many subspecies. For example, a defibrillator, so familiar to us thanks to dramatic scenes from films, is used urgently only for one of them: ventricular fibrillation. There are more than 20 types of arrhythmias in total. First of all, it should be said that arrhythmia is a violation of the heart rhythm, in which the heart beats irregularly, and it can…

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Three atrial heart – congenital heart disease

Three atrial heart – congenital heart disease

Triatrial heart is a congenital heart defect in which there is a fibromuscular membrane in the left or right atrium, dividing the atrial cavity into two chambers.The defect rate is 0.1 – 0.4% of all congenital heart defects. The gender distribution shows a slight predominance for males and is a ratio of 1.5: 1. Vice was first described by the Church in 1868.The left atrial heart is more common, when the membrane divides the left atrium into the posterior superior,…

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Echocardiography of the heart

Echocardiography of the heart

Heart hypertrophy is not a disease, but a syndrome that can lead to serious heart disease. Myocardial hypertrophy is associated with an increase in the size of the heart. This happens due to an increase in the cells of the heart tissue. In fact, only specialized heart cells – cardiomyocytes – increase in size, which make up about 25% of the total number of heart cells, and connective tissue takes up most of it. In most cases, an increase in…

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Benefits of sports for heart health

Benefits of sports for heart health

The heart pumps blood throughout the body, which, in particular, delivers the necessary oxygen to the organs and tissues. In the event that the myocardium does not work enough, the body may experience hypoxia – a dangerous condition not only for its symptoms (shortness of breath, weakness, etc.), but posing a direct threat to human health and life. Patients with heart failure find it difficult to withstand even minimal physical activity, such as climbing stairs. At some point, they can…

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HOW TO DIFFERENCE HEART DISEASE FROM OTHERS

HOW TO DIFFERENCE HEART DISEASE FROM OTHERS

Many people experience chest pain, not necessarily due to any kind of heart disease. This is often due to another ailment. If the heart hurts, it can be caused by diseases of the musculoskeletal system, respiratory, digestive and other diseases. However, only a doctor can make an accurate diagnosis by examining the patient. But any person who has had such symptoms should understand, if the heart hurts, what to do and how to recognize that this is indeed a heart…

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